The Tonka bean comes from a tropical tree in South America. It is used in cooking as well as in medicine, and has revolutionized the world of perfumery. Its fragrance, mostly made up of coumarin, has introduced the world to fern-based scents.
Developped in the 50's, ambroxan was used as a replacement to natural ambergris in perfumes. Its sensual scents and numerous facets made it a major player in modern perfumery, and can also be found in oriental perfumes as well as floral, aromatic, fruity and woody fragrances.
Also called “liquid gold”, sandalwood has been used for more than 4000 years in Asia because of its numerous medicinal or olfactory properties.
Known in form of incense since the dawn of time, its use in perfumery dates only from the 19th century. Its olfactory roundness and ability to sublimate other notes quickly made it a must in modern perfume.
Since antiquity, from Asia to the Mediterranean, cardamom has been used for its medicinal and olfactory qualities. Originally from India, cardamom is currently the third most consumed spice in the world after saffron and vanilla.
Lavender, the emblematic plant of Provence (south-east region of France), recognized since antiquity for its aromatic and therapeutic qualities, has taken a long time to instill itself as a staple in the world of perfumery. It's only in the beginning of the XXth century, that we see the first lavender fields.
There are over 300 types of carnations, which are all symbolic plants with a deep history. In perfumery, however, it is a little more complicated considering each perfumer must create his own carnation.